PISA ACER - First published 2011 - Performance of 15-year-olds in reading, mathematics and science.
The OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) is an international comparative survey of 15-year-olds’ knowledge and skills in reading, mathematical and scientific literacy. PISA seeks to measure how well young adults have acquired the knowledge and skills that are required to function as successful members
PISA is a regular, ongoing series of assessments that are administered in participating countries every three years. PISA provides a set of indicators that can be tracked across time to assist in monitoring trends in these educational outcomes.
Data were collected for the fourth cycle of PISA assessments in 2009.
Sixty-four countries or economies originally participated in PISA 2009: all 34 OECD countries and 31 partner countries and economies.
The reporting of the findings from PISA is able to focus on issues such as:
• How well prepared are young adults to meet the challenges of the future? Can they analyze reason and communicate their ideas effectively? What skills do they possess that will facilitate their capacity to adapt to rapid societal change?
• How equitable is the provision of education within a country or across countries?
• Are some ways of organizing schools or school learning more effective than others?
• What student attitudes and behaviors are associated with proficient reading performance?
Results of the Performance assessment in Reading, Mathematical and Literacy Scale:
Performance on the overall reading scale – China ranks No.1 and India came second from the bottom defeating Kyrgyzstan.
Performance on the mathematical literacy scale - China ranks No.1 and India came second from the bottom defeating Kyrgyzstan.
Performance in scientific literacy - China ranks No.1 and India came second from the bottom defeating Kyrgyzstan.
In all the three areas India has fared last.
In the report among the developing countries India is faring badly in the education sector. This acts as the final nail in the coffin of India’s dented education system.
There are 545 universities in India compared to 2,236 in China. Even in medical colleges, there are about 630 colleges in China compared to 251 in India.
The total enrollment in Indian universities is only 4.7 million compared to 11 million in China.
The situation was similar some years back too when, in 2004-05, India churned out 464,743 engineering graduates while China produced 600,000 for the same year.
The total enrollment in Indian universities is only 4.7 million compared to 11 million in China. The situation was similar some years back too when, in 2004-05, India churned out 464,743 engineering graduates while China produced 600,000 for the same year.
India has only 5,100 ITIs and 1,745 polytechnics (mostly dysfunctional) compared to China’s 500,000 VETs (Vocational Education and Training institutions). Vocational education in China, unlike India, is not just confined to manufacturing but encompasses sectors like information technology, tourism and medicine.
Clearly, not only is India far behind in the number of quality institutions, but India is decades behind in framing the right kind of policies.
I hope our policy makers, heads of Institutions, parents acts fast and make changes to our educational system to make our children competitive in the world.
Pl click on the link to read the report.